Ferdinand Victor Eugene Delacroix

Eugene Delacroix1798-1863,was a French painter whose work exemplified 19th-century romanticism, and whose influence extended to the impressionists.Delacroix was born on April 26, 1798, at Charenton-Saint Maurice, and he studied under the French painter Pierre Gu¨¦rin. He was trained in the formal neoclassical style of the French painter Jacques-Louis David, but he was strongly influenced by the more colorful, opulent style of such earlier masters as the Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens and the Italian painter Paolo Veronese. He also absorbed the spirit of his contemporary and countryman Theodore Gericault, whose early works exemplify the violent action, love of liberty, and budding romanticism of the turbulent post-Napoleonic period.Delacroix's artistic career began in 1822, when his first painting, The Barque of Dante (1822, Mus¨¦e du Louvre, Paris), was accepted by the Paris Salon. He achieved popular success in 1824 with Massacre at Chios (Louvre), which portrays the topical and heroic subject of the Greek struggle for independence. On a trip to England in 1825, he studied the work of English painters. The influence of R. P. Bonington, who painted in bright, jewel-like colors, is evident in Delacroix's subsequent works, such as Death of Sardanapalus (1827, Mus¨¦e du Louvre). A full-fledged work of his mature style, it is a lavish, violent, colorful canvas in which women, slaves, animals, jewels, and fabrics are combined in a swirling, almost delirious composition. The painting portrays the decision made by an ancient king to have his possessions (including his women) destroyed before he kills himself.Delacroix's most overtly romantic and perhaps most influential work is Liberty Leading the People (1830, Mus¨¦e du Louvre), a semiallegorical glorification of the idea of liberty. This painting confirmed the clear division between the romantic style of painting, which emphasized color and spirit, and the concurrent neoclassical style (headed by the French painter J. A. D. Ingres), which emphasized line and cool detachment.

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Ref No. Delacroix 1
Girl Seated in Cemetery
1824. Oil on canvas.
Louvre, Paris, France.

Ref No. Delacroix2
Female Nude Reclining
on a Divan. c1825-1826
Oil on canvas.
Louvre, Paris, France

Ref No. Delacroix 3
Greece on the Ruins
of Missolonghi. 1826
Oil on canvas.
Musee des Beaux-Arts
Bordeaux, France

Ref No. Delacroix 4
Woman with a Parrot
1827. Oil on canvas.
Musee des Beaux-Arts
Lyons, France

Ref No. Delacroix 5
The Death of Sardanapalus
. 1827-1828. Oil on canvas
Louvre, Paris, France

Ref No. Delacroix 6
Liberty Leading the
People (28 July 1830)
1830 Oil on canvas
Louvre, Paris, France

Ref No. Delacroix 7
Women of Algiers in
Their Apartment.
1834Oil on canvas
Louvre, Paris, France

Ref No. Delacroix 8
Cleopatra and the Peasant
1838. Oil on canvas.
Ackland Art Museum
University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, NC, USA

Ref No. Delacroix 9
Medea about to Kill
Her Children. 1838
Oil on canvas.
Louvre, Paris, France

Ref No. Delacroix 10
Entry of the Crusaders
into Constantinople.
1840. Oil on canvas
Louvre, Paris, France

Ref No. Delacroix 11
A Vase of Flowers
on a Console.
1848-1850 Oil on canvas
Musee Ingres,
Mountauban, France

Ref No. Delacroix 12
Bouquet of Flowers
1849-1850. Watercolour
gouache and pastel on
paper. Louvre, Paris

Ref No. Delacroix 13
Lion Hunt in Marocco
1854. Oil on canvas
The Hermitage,
St. Petersburg, Russia

Ref No. Delacroix 14
Odalisque. 1857.
Oil on wood.

Ref No. Delacroix 15
The Bride of Abydos
1857. Oil on canvas
Kimbell Art Museum
Fort Worth, TX, USA.

Ref No. Delacroix 16
Abduction of Rebecca
1858. Oil on canvas
Louvre, Paris, France

Ref No. Delacroix 17
Arab Horses Fighting
in a Stable. 1860.
Oil on canvas
Louvre, Paris, France.

Ref No. Delacroix 18
The Lion Hunt. 1861
Oil on canvas.
Art Institute of Chicago
Chicago, IL, USA.

Ref No. Delacroix 19
Arabs Skirmishing in
the Mountains. 1863.
Oil on canvas.
National Gallery of Art
Washington, DC, USA.

Ref No. Delacroix 20
Lion Devouring a Rabbit
Oil on canvas.
Louvre, Paris, France.

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